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Sunday, August 14, 2011

The Evolution of Technology - The History of Computers

Although computers are now an important element in human life, from  time when computers did not exists. Knowing the history of computers and tracking progress can help you understand how complicated and innovative the creation of the band really is.
Unlike most devices, the computer is one of the few inventions that does not have one specific inventor. Through the development of computers, many people have added their creations to the list of equipment needed for the job. Some of the inventions were different types of computers, and some parts needed for the development of computers.

Perhaps the most significant date in the history of computers is the year 1936. It was this year, with the first  computer  developed. It was created by Konrad Zuse and dubbed the Z1 Computer. The team is first, because it was the first system is fully programmable. There were devices prior to that, but nobody had the computing power, which differentiates it from other electronic devices.

Only in 1942, there has been any activity for profit and the possibilities of computers. The first computer company ABC, owned by John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. Two years later, the Harvard Mark I, IT, IT support.
In the following years, inventors all over the world began in August to learn more information and how to improve. The next ten years, the fort, with the introduction of the transistor, which became an important part of the inner workings of the computer, the ENIAC a computer, as well as many other types of systems. The ENIAC 1 is perhaps one of the most interesting, because the required 20,000 vacuum tubes to work. This is a huge machine and started a revolution to build smaller and faster computers.

Computer age has changed forever with the introduction of International Business Machines, or IBM, the computer industry in 1953. The company, throughout the history of computers was a major player in the development of new systems and servers of public and private sectors. This introduction brought the first signs of real competition in the history of computers, which helped spur the development of faster computers and better. His first contribution was the IBM 701 computer EPDM.

The evolution of programming language
A year later, the success of the first programming language for high-high-high level was created. Programming language was not written in the , assembly  or binaries that are very small level languages. FORTRAN was written so that more people can begin to program computers easily.
1955 years, Bank of America, in conjunction with the Stanford Research Institute and General Electric, saw the creation of the first computers used banks. Character recognition or MICR ink, along with the actual device, ERMA, was a breakthrough for the banking industry. Only in 1959, few systems have been put to use in actual banks.
During 1958, one of the most important in the history of computers, space, creating a circuit layout. This device, also known as Chip, is a basic requirement of modern computer systems. In each disc and card in the computer system, various patterns, which contain information on the disc and card. Without these systems, the systems we know today, can not work.

Games, mouse, and Internet
For many computer users, now the important part of your game. In 1962, creating the first computer game, which was created by Steve Russel and MIT, who was appointed Spacewar.
Rats, one of the most fundamental elements of today  computers are, was founded in 1964 by Douglas Engelbart. The name comes from  tail  output device.
One of the most important aspects of today  s computer was invented in 1969. ARPA net was the original Internet, which is the foundation of the Internet as we know it today. This development leads to the development of knowledge and companies around the world.
Only in 1970, Intel came on the scene of the first dynamic RAM, which caused the explosion of scientific innovation.
Dash layout first RAM chip, which was also designed by Intel. These two ingredients except the chip developed in 1958, the number of the most important elements of today  computers s.
A year later, a record is created, it gets its name from the flexibility of the storage device. It was the first step to enable the transition of most of the bits of data between computers.
The first network card was created in 1973 through which the data transfer between connected computers. This is similar to the Internet, lets you connect computers without using the Internet.

Appliances Emerge
Over the next three years were very important for computers. That is, when the company began developing systems for the average consumer. Scelbi, Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Apple I and II, TRS-80 and Commodore home computers were the forerunners in this field. Though expensive, these machines started the trend for computers in ordinary houses.
One of the most serious breathroughs in computer software occurred in 1978 with the launch of VisiCalc spreadsheet. All development costs are paid within two weeks, making it one of the most successful in the history of computers.

1979 was perhaps one of the most important years for home users. In this year of WordStar, the first editor, was released for public sale. It radically changed the fitness for the average user.

IBM Home computer quickly helped revolutionize the consumer market in 1981 and was available to homeowners and the level of consumption. The year 1981 was also the year of mega-giant Microsoft enter the scene with the operating system MS-DOS. This operating system has completely changed the computer forever, and it was very easy for anyone to learn.

Competition begins: Apple vs. Microsoft
Computers in August next big step change in 1983. Apple Lisa was the first computer with a graphical user interface or GUI. Most modern programs contain a GUI, which allows them easy to use and easy on the eyes. This was the beginning of the dating of most text programs.
From that moment in the history of computers, many changes and no change, Apple Microsoft wars, to the development of many innovative personal computers and the band became a recognized part of everyday life. Without the history of computing first, preliminary steps, none of this would be possibl

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